Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.
private (adj): a private room, a private shower, a private garden, a private interview, a private discussion, private thoughts, private plans. Something that is private is for one person only or for a small group of people. I have always wanted to have a private room,
to shoot, shot, shot (v): to shoot well, to shoot badly, to shoot at something. The men were ready to shoot. He shot at the bird but missed,
to shoot an arrow:1 I shot an arrow into the air.
to measure (d): to measure land, to measure length and width, to measure the room. To measure means to find the size, length and width of things and people. You can measure the length of the box with a ruler. The dressmaker measured lady Ascott.
a measure (v): The metre is a measure of length,
to trust (v): to trust a person, to trust one’s words, to trust one’s advice. Everybody liked and trusted him. She didn’t trust anybody to look after her child. Do you really trust his advice?
to respect (v): to respect people, to respect one’s feelings, to respect one’s courage, to respect traditions. If you respect someone you think well of him and his ideas. Do you respect such people, such politicians?
respect (n): “I had a real respect and admiration for him,” she said. Why do you never show any respect for the lady?
wisdom (n): to show a lot of wisdom, a man of wisdom, to speak with wisdom. At least she had the wisdom to keep silent,
an event (n): an important event, a possible event, political and cultural events. An event is something that happens. You can’t control the events, can you?
shy (adj): a shy girl, a shy smile, a shy look. I’ve always been a bit shy in the company of people. I don’t know why she was so shy at the party and didn’t speak to anyone.
to retire (v): to retire from the company, to retire from farming, to retire at the age of 60. When someone retires he stops doing his job. When did your granddad retire?
a crowd (n): a big/large crowd, a silent crowd. The court case attracted large crowds. Did she say there are always crowds of holidaymakers on these beaches?
to push (v): to push a door, to push a person, to push a car. John pushed the door to open it. Why did little Sam have to push his bicycle?
poverty (n): to live in poverty, to suffer from poverty. There are thousands of people who live in poverty. Did she say she had suffered much from poverty?
a stepmother (v): A stepmother is the woman who has married your father after your mother died. Did Cinderella’s stepmother look after the girl?
a stepfather, a stepchild, a stepdaughter, a stepson, a stepbrother, a stepsister
to encourage (l>): to encourage pupils, to encourage the group, to encourage sick children. If you encourage someone you tell him that what he is doing is good and ask him to continue doing it. Does Miss Brown always encourage her pupils to work hard?
to borrow (v): to borrow a book from the library, to borrow one’s car, to borrow one’s bicycle, to borrow words from other languages.
To borrow means to ask for something that belongs to another person and promise that you will give it back. Could I borrow your car for tomorrow?
to borrow words, to borrow ideas. English has borrowed a lot of words from other languages.
1 an arrow — стрела