29. Discuss in groups of 3 − 4 what you know about English−speaking countries.
30. Before you read the texts about English−speaking countries guess the meaning of the following word combinations
31. Continue working in groups. Read one of the texts. Check if you were right.
Hi! I’m from Canada, the second largest country in the world. Its nearly as big as all of Europe. My country shares with the USA seven of the worlds largest lakes and also has three of the worlds longest rivers.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa. In Canada there are people of many nationalities. There are two official languages in my country, English and French. English spoken in Canada is a bit different from British English: there are some pronunciation and grammatical differences.
The red and white Canadian flag shows a leaf of the maple tree, which grows in North America. The maple leaf is the official emblem of Canada.
I’m from the USA or the United States of America.
It’s one of the most powerful and advanced countries in the world. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and from Canada in the north to Mexico in the south. The capital of the USA is Washington, though some people think it’s New York. This famous city is financial and cultural center of the USA.
The USA has the third largest population in the world. It’s a real melting pot. English is the official language in the USA. But the English language spoken in my country is known as American English.
There are some differences between British and American English. For example, a film in Britain is a movie in America, a postman is a mailman, the underground is the subway. But people speaking British English can be easily understood in the US. No problem! The second language in the United States is Spanish.
My country’s motto is «In god we trust».
I’m from а small and quiet country in the Pacific Ocean. My country consists of two main islands and some smaller islands. Its New Zealand. My country looks like Italy upside down. New Zealand is the same distance from Australia as London is from Moscow. When its summer in Europe, its winter in New Zealand. But the school year still starts in autumn — in February! When its time to go to bed in Europe, its time to go to work in my country.
The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. The population of my country is mixed. Some people came from Britain years ago. Some Maori people lived here before the British came. Our official languages are English and Maori. But English is spoken in a very unusual way in New Zealand. It is often called Kiwi English.
New Zealand is sometimes called “The World’s Biggest Farm”. It is famous for its products: butter, cheese, meat.
I’m from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Usually it is shortened to the United Kingdom or UK or Great Britain. My country is an island state. It’s one of the world’s smallest countries — it’s twice smaller than France or Spain. However, there are only nine other countries with more people, and London is the world’s seventh biggest city.
In Britain you can meet people of many different nationalities.
The capital of the UK is London. The official language is English. Do you know that English is made up of Anglo-Saxon, French and Latin? It also includes a lot of words from Greek and other languages, even Russian.
My country is the biggest island and the smallest continent in the world. Of course, you’ve guessed, it’s Australia. Australia is the only country in the world which occupies a whole continent and some islands around it. It lies between the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. It’s a large country, but its population is only 18. 3 million people.
There are «original Australians» who lived here long ago but most of population came to Australia from Britain, Ireland and other countries years ago. At present in Australia there are a lot of people from Russia.
The capital of Australia is Canberra.
English is the official language in Australia. But English spoken in Australia is a bit different from British English and American English.
Sometimes Australia is called «Oz» or «the Lucky Country».